Programa “Cambio de Sentido” no concello de Cambados

A concellaría de Servizos Sociais leva a cabo este Programa preventivo na Autoescola Sueiro organizado por parte do Servizo Preventivo Asistencial de Drogodependencias (SPAD).

A xustificación deste tipo de intervención parte da alta incidencia do alcohol e outras drogas na sinestralidade do tráfico. O consumo de alcohol constitúe un destacado factor de risco nos accidentes de tráfico e lesións asociadas aos mesmos. Un 12% dos condutores de turismos en España consume alcohol antes de conducir.

Segundo o Balance de Seguridade Vial 2016, en España, no ano 2016 rexistráronse 1.038 accidentes en vías interurbanas (15 máis que no ano 2015) nos que faleceron 1.160 persoas e 5.067 precisaron de hospitalización.  Con respecto ao ano 2015, existe un incremento dun 1,4% en accidentes mortais, 2,6% no numero de falecidos e 4,3% en feridos hospitalizados.

Segundo o Informe Nacional de Toxicoloxía e Ciencias Forenses do ano 2015, o 43% dos condutores falecidos presentaban algunha substancia psicoactiva. O alcohol aparece presente nun 29,3% dos casos, drogas ilegais nun 13,6% (sendo as máis consumidas o cannabis e cocaína) e psicofármacos, no 11,4%. No caso dos peóns ou viandantes falecidos en accidentes de tráfico, o 46,4% presentaban tamén resultados positivos dalgunha substancia.

Galiza é unha das comunidades con máis controles positivos en drogas, só por detrás de Andalucía e a Comunidade Valenciana. No ano 2016, un de cada tres condutores responsables dun accidente mortal (falecido ou ferido) en Galiza, dou positivo en alcohol (tasa de alcoholemia por encima de 0,25 mg./l) ou consumiu algunha outra substancia psicoactiva.

Nas sesións formativas abordaronse os seguintes CONTIDOS:

–           Introdución o tema da seguridade vial, o alcohol e outras drogas.

–           Descrición da situación actual do consumo de alcohol.

–           Ilusión da invulnerabilidade.

–           Uso-abuso: “uso racional do alcohol”. Conceptos básicos sobre o alcohol (qué é o alcohol?; tipos de bebidas e gradación alcohólica, unidades de bebida; mitos e crenzas; metabolización e eliminación do    alcohol; efectos e riscos do se uso/abuso; alcoholemia (tasa de alcohol no sangue)).

–           Alcohol e condución.

–           Recomendacións (establecendo límites) en caso de ter pensado beber alcohol (que facer e que non facer).

–           Medicamentos, outras drogas e condución.

–           Lexislación sobre o alcohol e condución (infraccións máis asociadas co seu consumo).

Obxectivos xerais:

1.-Mellorar a información dos alumnos/as das autoescolas en relación ós riscos asociados á condución de vehículos baixo os efectos do consumo de alcohol e outras drogas.

2.-Incrementar a percepción de “vulnerabilidade persoal” derivada da condución dun vehículo tras consumir alcohol ou outras drogas.

3.-Reducir o número de accidentes viarios entre os mozos/as nos cales interveñen o alcohol e outras drogas.

4.- Reducir o número de lesionados e mortos en accidentes viarios entre a mocidade nos cales interveñen o alcohol ou outras drogas.

5.-Promover actitudes e condutas máis seguras e responsábeis na condución de vehículos entre a poboación que se está a preparar para obter o permiso de circulación nas autoescolas.

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